AAA set out to understand the growing prevalence of ADAS technology in new vehicles as well as examine the terminology currently used by regulatory organizations and manufacturers has conducted a research that highlights the need for standardization of terms and definitions for ADAS features.
After examining 34 vehicle brands sold in the United States, AAA’s Automotive Engineering team has found the following regarding the number of terms used to describe a single ADAS feature:
ADAS Feature Number of Unique Names
Automatic Emergency Braking: 40
Adaptive Cruise Control: 20
Surround View Camera: 20
Lane Keeping Assistance: 19
Blind Spot Warning: 19
Automatic High Beams: 18
Rear Cross Traffic Warning: 15
Driver Monitoring: 13
Semi-Automated Parking Assist: 12
Forward Collision Warning: 8
Night Vision and Pedestrian Detection: 5
AAA is proposing terminology that is intended to be simple, specific and based on system functionality.
AUTOMATED DRIVING TASKS DEFINITION
Adaptive Cruise Control: Controls acceleration and/or braking to maintain a prescribed distance between it and a vehicle in front. May be able to come to a stop and continue.
Dynamic Driving Assistance: Controls vehicle acceleration, braking, and steering. SAE standard definition of L2 Autonomous systems outlines this functionality.
Lane Keeping Assistance: Controls steering to maintain vehicle within driving lane. May prevent vehicle from departing lane or continually center vehicle.
COLLISION ALERTS DEFINITION
Blind Spot Warning: Detects vehicles to rear in adjacent lanes while driving and alerts driver to their presence.
Forward Collision Warning: Detects impending collision while traveling forward and alerts driver.
Lane Departure Warning: Monitors vehicle’s position within driving lane and alerts driver as the vehicle approaches or crosses lane markers.
Parking Obstruction Warning: Detects obstructions in close proximity to vehicle during parking maneuvers.
Pedestrian Detection: Detects pedestrians in front of vehicle and alerts driver to their presence.
Rear Cross Traffic Warning: Detects vehicles approaching from side and rear of vehicles while traveling in reverse and alerts driver.
COLLISION MITIGATION DEFINITION
Automatic Emergency Steering: Detects potential collision and automatically controls steering to avoid or lessen the severity of impact.
Forward Automatic Emergency Braking: Detects potential collisions while traveling forward and automatically applies brakes to avoid or lessen the severity of impact.
Reverse Automatic Emergency Braking: Detects potential collision while traveling in reverse and automatically applies brakes to avoid or lessen the severity of impact.
PARKING ASSISTANCE DEFINITION
Fully-automated Parking Assistance: Controls acceleration, braking, steering, and shifting during parking. May be capable of parallel and / or perpendicular parking.
Remote Parking System: parks vehicle without driver being physically present inside the vehicle. Automatically controls acceleration, braking, steering, and shifting.
Semi-automated Parking Assistance: Controls steering during parking. Driver responsible for acceleration, braking, and gear position. May be capable of parallel and/or perpendicular parking.
Surround View Camera: Uses cameras located around vehicle to present view of surroundings.
Trailer Assistance: System that assists driver during backing maneuvers with a trailer attached.
MISC. DRIVING AIDS DEFINITION
Automatic High Beams: Deactivates or orients headlamp beams automatically based on lighting, surroundings, and traffic.
Driver Monitoring: Monitors driver condition by various means to detect drowsiness or lack of attention.
Source: Press Release