TRANSMIT — Training Research and Applications Network to Support the Mitigation of Ionospheric Threats — is a consortium of universities, research centres and industry across Europe and as far afield as Brazil and Canada.
It is estimated that distirbance to the GNSS signals will be maximum in 2013, when ionospheric effects will be at their peak. To minimize the impact of solar flare, a network of internationally renowned experts, led by the Institute of Engineering Surveying and Space Geodesy ( IESSG ) at The University of Nottingham, are joining forces to protect society from the effects of solar related phenomena on GNSS signals under the banner of TRANSMIT.
At worst solar flares can black out satellite signals altogether. They can also create positioning errors and rapid signal fading.