The government of India has taken many policy initiatives and issued directives to encourage adoption of electric vehicles in India. States being the implementing agency play an important role in realisation of national vision at ground level, and many states have proactively come up with EV policy to encourage its adoption.
Andhra Pradesh: It launched its EV policy in the year 2018. It largely concentrates on working on fuel cell technologies, EV power trains, nextgeneration attery technology and EV electronics. Key highlights: (1) Proposed to draw investments of 30K Crore in next 5 years in EV segment and provide new employment opportunities for over 60,000 people (2) Targets to usher in manufacturing units of high-density energy storage (3) APSRTC bus fleet of over 11,000 buses to be transformed into electric buses in the next 10 years (4) Claiming for a 100% conversion of the bus fleet in top 4 cities by 2024 (5) Creating electric vehicle manufacturing hubs.
Bihar: Its EV policy has been drafted to create a manufacturing ecosystem for e-vehicles. Besides accomplishing sustainable goals, the EV policy plans to make Bihar an investment destination for electric vehicles and transport domain. Key highlights are: (1) Aiming to completely transform manual paddling rickshaws into electric rickshaws (2) Formulating fast-charging stations along the highways in Bihar (3) Proposed to attract investment of 2,500 Crore (4) Targeting to offer empowerment to at least 10,000 people in this segment.
Delhi: With extreme problems related to pollution, Delhi is in severe need of clean mobility. The EV policy of this state aims to bring down pollution levels that may have arisen because of emissions from fuel-based vehicles. Key highlights: (1)Aims at the rapid adoption of battery EVs (2) Proposing to add e-buses to public transport in the next 5 years (3) Providing incentives for the purchase of EVs (4) Encouraging the adoption of electric vehicles for carrying goods (5) Promises to have public charging infrastructure at least every 3 km.
Karnataka: It is amongst the first few states to formulate an EV policy in 2017 with an intent to establish Karnataka as the most preferred state for the development of EV systems. The policy has been drafted to make Bangalore the electric vehicle capital of India. Key highlights: (1)Aiming to draw investments of 31,000 Crores (2) Proposing to give employment opportunities for 55,000 people (3) Offering incentives including interest-free loans to EV manufacturing companies (4) Giving industrial land to create EV manufacturing units (5) Funding the research on EV mobility
Kerala: It drafted the EV policy in 2018 intending to build the best training and skill centers for EV professionals. The plans proposed in their policy focus on the production of electric vehicles. Key highlights: (1) Focussing on decreasing the number of vehicles running on fossil fuels by 2030 (2) Introduced electric buses and e-auto rickshaws (3) Aiming 1 million EVs in the next 2 years (4) Targeting 6K electric buses in next 5 years (5) Offering employment opportunities and attracting investments.
Maharashtra: It formulated the policy in 2018 to promote their state as the potential leader by manufacturing and using electric vehicles as well as exporting EV components such as battery and charging equipment. Key highlights: (1) Aiming to have 5,00,000 EVs in the state (2) Get an investment of 25,000 Crores for manufacturing EV and its components (3) Providing incentives for the purchase of e-buses (4) Creating job opportunities for 1,00,000 people (5) Exempting EVs from road tax and registration fee.
Madhya Pradesh: It prepared its EV policy to develop sustainable electric mobility and to improve air quality by reducing the vehicles that cause air pollution through gas emission. The policy has set plans to make 25% of the
public transport to be electric vehicles by 2026. Key highlights: (1) Supporting the creation of new jobs and employment opportunities (2) Offering incentives such as free parking (3) Exemption from road tax/registration fee (4) Offering financial aid for electric buses.
Tamil Nadu: The policy issued by the Tamil Nadu government aims to draw an investment of 500 billion for the EV domain. Its goal is to create a comprehensive EV ecosystem and targets at least 1.5 Lakh employment opportunities. Key highlights: (1) Aiming to create a strong infrastructure for electric vehicles (2) Providing favourable power tariff to offer adequate power supply (3) Promoting Tamil Nadu as the EV hub of the country (4) Creating a skilled workforce for the EV sector.
Telangana: Telangana EV policy’s main objective is to draw investments worth $3 Billion, at the same time, to offer employment to 50,000 people in the next 3 years. The model adopted by this state is based on international standards of EV supported through the top infrastructure. Key highlights: (1) To expand manufacturing of battery cells (2)Targeting 100% electric buses in the next 10 years (3) Working towards making Telangana EV hub of the country (4) Creating a skilled workforce (5) Preparing a road map for developing charging infrastructure (6) Creating special power tariff for EV charging.
Uttar Pradesh: The government of this state came out with Uttar Pradesh Electric Vehicles Policy in the year 2018. Lucknow, the capital city of UP has been one of the cities recognized for the project of Multi-Modal Electric Public Transport under the FAME scheme. Key highlights: (1) Promoting the use of HEVs and plug-in EVs (2) Aiming at 2 lakh charging stations in the next 4 years (3) Targeting 1 million EVs on the road (4) Offering incentives such as capital interest and infrastructure interest subsidy (5) Giving exemption from the stamp and electrical duty.
Published in Telematics Wire